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Biden’s Clean Energy Platform: Heavy On Clean Transport, From E-Scooters To Low Carbon Airplanes

There’s a lot of overlap between the Biden administration’s platform and the kinds of things transportation startups and growth-stage companies are doing already….



Of the many socioeconomic challenges President-elect Joe Biden focused upon during his campaign, the safe use of electric scooters was not a top subject.

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But nonetheless, there it is, a featured topic in his official platform for modernizing infrastructure and promoting clean energy. His administration will work to help cities and towns “invest in infrastructure for pedestrians, cyclists, and riders of e-scooters and other micro-mobility vehicles.”

Scooters are one of a number of transport-focused topics covered in the document, which lays out initiatives in areas ranging from air travel to car-charging infrastructure and calls for $2 trillion in investment for infrastructure and clean energy.

Post-election, we anticipate more detailed, updated plans on climate and related areas.

But for a teaser of what’s coming, we’ll look here at the original platform. Not surprisingly, it contains several focus areas in transportation that are of particular interest for the tech and startup spheres, including:

  • Charging infrastructure: Biden wants to make major public investments in automobile infrastructure—including in 500,000 electric vehicle charging stations.
  • Battery tech: The platform plan calls for the federal government to invest $5 billion over five years in battery and energy storage technology. It will focus on accelerating R&D and developing a domestic supply chain for electric vehicles with batteries built by American workers.
  • Electric vehicles: The plan calls to “position America to be the global leader in the manufacture of electric vehicles and their input materials and parts.” Biden also hopes to restore the full electric vehicle tax credit to incentivize purchases.
  • Transit: The administration wants every American city with 100,000 or more residents to have “high-quality, zero-emissions public transportation options” and to build the world’s “cleanest, fastest and safest” rail system. It will also require new U.S.-built buses to be zero-emissions by 2030.
  • Airplanes: Biden wants to incentivize the creation of new, sustainable fuels for airplanes, as well as other changes to aircraft technology, standards and management, with an eye to reducing carbon emissions.
  • Smart traffic lights: The platform seeks to deploy more machine-learning optimized traffic lights, aimed at reducing traffic backlogs and improving safety at intersections.
  • There’s a lot of overlap between the Biden platform’s vision and the kinds of things transportation startups and growth-stage companies are doing already.

    A Crunchbase search of the largest venture and growth financings for U.S. transportation startups unearthed many in precisely the areas highlighted above. This includes  Rivian (electric pickup trucks), Joby Aviation (electric aircraft), Via (smart transit planning), Proterra (zero-emissions buses and battery packs) and Lime (electric scooters). Just those five companies alone have collectively raised more than $8.2 billion.

    Battery tech, a particular focus for Biden’s plan, has also been a hot space for VCs. They’ve poured nearly $550 million into the space since last year, per Crunchbase data. A public offering for Romeo Systems, a maker of batteries for electric vehicles, is also imminent.

    Electric vehicles and charging are also still generating a fair amount of venture activity, and exits as well. On the charging front, we’ve seen big rounds for Chargepoint, maker of electric charging stations. As for exits, electric vehicle-makers Fisker and Nikola both went public this year, with both sustaining multibillion-dollar market capitalizations.

    The Crunchbase dataset even produced one entry in the smart traffic light space: Savari, a developer of software and hardware sensor technologies that connect cars, traffic signals, pedestrians and bicycles.

    Presidential platforms are more of a wishlist than a to-do list, with chances for enactment reliant on factors, like the composition of Congress, that are beyond the administration’s control.

    That said, new startup business plans are kind of the same — full of optimistic plans and hockey stick graphs with dubious likelihood of coming to fruition. It’s less about meeting precise goals than making progress toward them.

    So, in analyzing what these plans could mean for the startup sphere, the nitty-gritty details may mean less than the general direction, which looks positive for the transportation startup sphere. Transport-focused founders and investors can expect an administration friendly to their priorities, with greater potential for grant-funded R&D and tax incentives for their customers.

    (One caveat to this is autonomous vehicles, among the biggest area for transport venture funding. Neither Democrats nor Republicans have made autonomous vehicles a big part of a national platform. In 2017, the US House of Representatives passed with sweeping bipartisan support the SELF DRIVE Act, aimed at regulating development of autonomous vehicles. But the bill stalled in the Senate, and Congress is planning to try again in 2021.)

    At the end of the day, whatever clean transportation legislation and initiatives actually get passed from the Biden platform, we wouldn’t be surprised if it draws a shrug rather than a cheer from investors in the space. That’s because it seems they don’t really care what the president thinks about electric cars or reducing reliance on fossil fuels.

    Markets and startup investors, as we’ve noted before, have long been rewarding low-carbon businesses and pushing down valuations of the big fossil fuel producers and consumers.

    Take the case of Tesla and ExxonMobil. Immediately following the election of President Donald Trump, a vocal defender of the oil and coal industries, Tesla had roughly one-tenth the valuation of ExxonMobil. Four years later, its market cap is three times that of Exxon. Would Tesla have done better under an administration more vocal about climate change risks? Maybe. But you don’t hear longtime shareholders complaining.

    Fisker and Nikola also didn’t seem too concerned about the political climate affecting their ability to garner big valuations. Nor do Romeo and other electric vehicle-related offerings in the public market pipeline.

    In sum, money goes where it goes, often regardless of who’s in the Oval Office. However, while the direction seems clear already, it should nonetheless be helpful to have an administration that wants to speed things along.

    Illustration: Dom Guzman



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    The Briefing: Hailo Lands $136M Series C

    Crunchbase News’ top picks of the news to stay current in the VC and startup world.



    Here’s what you need to know today in startup and venture news, updated by the Crunchbase News staff throughout the day to keep you in the know.

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    Hailo lands $136M for AI chips

    Tel Aviv-based Hailo, a startup developing AI accelerator chips for edge devices, announced that it raised $136 million in a Series C funding round led by Poalim and entrepreneur Gil Agmon. The round brings Hailo’s total funding to $224 million.

    — Joanna Glasner

    SupportLogic raises $50M Series B

    San Jose -based SupportLogic closed a $50 million Series B funding round led by WestBridge Capital Partners and General Catalyst. Existing investors Sierra Ventures and Emergent Ventures also participated in the round.

    SupportLogic’s AI-based platform allows businesses to act on customer communications in real-time in order to offer better customer service and support.

    Founded in 2016, the company has raised approximately $62 million to date, according to Crunchbase data.

    — Chris Metinko


    GitLab raises IPO range: San Francisco-based GitLab, a provider of development and collaboration tools for programmers, raised the proposed share price range for its upcoming IPO. The company now plans to raise around $700 million by offering 10.4 million shares at a price range of $66 to $69, up from the prior range of $55 to $60.

    — Joanna Glasner

    Illustration: Dom Guzman

    Stay up to date with recent funding rounds, acquisitions, and more with the Crunchbase Daily.

    — Joanna Glasner



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    Square Rolls Up Afterpay As BNPL Market Stays Hot

    Payments platform Square plans to buy Afterpay, an Australian buy now, pay later service, in an all-stock deal valued at around $29 billion.



    Payments platform Square plans to buy Afterpay, an Australian buy now, pay later service, in an all-stock deal valued at around $29 billion.

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    Melbourne-based Afterpay is publicly traded on Australia’s ASX exchange. It currently counts more than 16 million consumers and nearly 100,000 merchants globally as users of its platform, including major retailers across fashion, homewares, beauty, sporting goods and other categories. The company, backed by investors including Tencent and Coatue, has raised just under $449 million in funding, per Crunchbase data.

    Afterpay competes in the increasingly crowded buy now, pay later space, which allows consumers to break up online purchases into smaller payments. Its biggest competitors include Stockholm-based Klarna, which has raised $3.7 billion from private investors to date, and Affirm, which raised $1.5 billion in venture funding before going public in January. Affirm’s share price has since plummeted to less than half of its 52-week high in February, but jumped 14 percent in morning trading on Monday after the Afterpay acquisition was announced.

    Another major player in the BNPL space includes fintech giant PayPal, which in 2008 purchased Bill Me Later, an early pioneer in the space.

    All told, venture investors poured $1.7 billion into buy now, pay later companies between 2016 and 2020, per Crunchbase data. A Bank of America survey late last year predicted the BNPL market was poised to “grow 10-15 times by 2025 to eventually process between $650 billion and $1 trillion in transactions.”

    Venture investors like the BNPL business model because these startups essentially have two revenue streams, Kamran Ansari, a venture partner at Greycroft, which invested in e-commerce pay-over-time financing tool Credit Key, told Crunchbase News earlier this year.

    The first revenue source is the actual transaction, when the merchant typically pays between 2 and 3 percent of the purchase price to the BNPL service in exchange for being able to offer that convenience to its customers. The second revenue stream for the BNPL service is interest payments from borrowers.

    Square’s shares have surged 105 percent over the past year amid a boom for digital transactions such as its mobile Cash App. It also reported second-quarter earnings on Sunday, revealing that revenue had more than doubled from the same quarter the previous year, to $4.7 billion.

    San Francisco-based Square said it plans to integrate Afterpay into its Cash App and seller ecosystem.

    “By combining with Square, we will further accelerate our growth in the U.S. and globally, offer access to a new category of in-person merchants, and provide a broader platform of new and valuable capabilities and services to our merchants and consumers, Afterpay co-founders and co-CEOs Anthony Eisen and Nick Molnar said in a statement announcing the deal.

    Illustration: Li-Anne Dias.

    Stay up to date with recent funding rounds, acquisitions, and more with the Crunchbase Daily.

    Another major player in the BNPL space includes fintech giant PayPal, which in 2008 purchased Bill Me Later, an early pioneer in the space.



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    Cryptocurrency Experts Say These 4 Factors Are Driving Change In The Industry

    The COVID-19



    The COVID-19 pandemic accelerated acceptance of digital currencies like Bitcoin and the underlying blockchain technologies that power them. And while Bitcoin volatility continues — with the currency hitting its lowest point in months this week — investors are optimistic momentum will continue even as the world slowly starts to return to normal.

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    The crypto and blockchain sector has attracted nearly $12.4 billion in venture investment into U.S.-based companies since 2017 and $19.4 billion globally, Crunchbase numbers show. In fact, data so far for 2021 shows dollars were nearly 3x from 2020 for both global and U.S. investments. But the sector also faces continued opportunities and challenges going forward, including more widespread adoption and new regulatory pressures from governments around the world.

    Case in point: Earlier this month, El Salvador became the world’s first country to adopt bitcoin as legal tender. At the same time, Thailand’s Securities and Exchange Commission ordered its exchanges to delist meme coins, such as Dogecoin, as well as NFTs, exchange tokens and fan tokens, saying those tokens have “no clear objective or substance or underlying [value].”

    Stepped-up efforts by China’s government to rein in the crypto space had the largest impact on valuations. On Friday, authorities in China’s Sichuan province, one of the country’s largest mining centers, reportedly ordered cryptocurrency miners to shut down their operations,

    Cryptocurrency experts say these kinds of polarizing events put a spotlight on the space.

    “Blockchain was accelerated five years in the pandemic,” according to Alon Goren, founding partner at blockchain fintech venture studio Draper Goren Holm.

    Here’s a closer look at four factors that are likely to drive big changes in the cryptocurrency space in years to come.

    1) Mainstream adoption

    Cryptocurrency startups are working to make the process of using, buying, trading and finding digital currencies easier, driving greater consumer awareness and adoption.

    Increasingly, mainstream adoption of cryptocurrencies is “crazy important” to the growth of the sector, according to Goren. Still, some of that adoption has come from less serious applications of digital currencies, including “meme coins” — assets based on jokes but with no real value other than those given to them by social indicators — a phenomenon that also concerns Goren because they reinforce the notion that cryptocurrency isn’t legitimate.

    “Publicly traded companies can show quarterly earnings, you can follow the CEO on Twitter and you know their opinions on things,” Goren added. “In crypto, you don’t have those kinds of things to show legitimacy.”

    Meanwhile, Hsuan Lee, CEO of Portto/Blocto, said the adoption of NFTs — non-fungible tokens — is one of the biggest factors that has changed the industry in the past year. Portto is a Taiwan-based company that aims to make blockchain simple for users and developers.

    Although NFTs have been around since 2017, they were initially not appealing for typical use, but that all changed when they became approachable by retail investors, including when sports organizations got involved in selling digital clips and cards, he said.

    “The National Basketball Association doesn’t market itself as a blockchain, but offering collectibles on it appeals to fans,” Lee said in an interview. “With those kinds of applications, even introducing a music NFT would potentially attract existing music fans. With that kind of people joining the party, it will make crypto more mainstream.”

    Muneeb Jan, a cryptocurrency and fintech expert operating out of Hong Kong, said the investor base for cryptocurrency is still largely retail investors, while major financial institutions are in the discovery phase.

    Still, new companies are announcing on a daily basis that they will accept bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies, and banks are facing crypto investor demand to get more involved in the space, Jan said.

    “Crypto funds are increasingly viewed as an asset class,” he said in an interview. “There is not much of a use case currently, but they want to jump onto the bandwagon. If more large institutional investors come in, there will be price stability, and it will improve the legitimacy.”

    2) Price volatility

    Jan believes two of the biggest headwinds slowing more mainstream cryptocurrency adoption are price volatility and the fact that bitcoin as a mode of payment is not yet completely viable due the current inability to quickly process transactions.

    Bitcoin has been particularly volatile in recent days. After surging above $40,000 about a week ago, the currency fell below $30,000 this week, recovering to around $32,400 as of Tuesday afternoon. Over the past year, the price grew to a peak of more than $60,000 before falling back to half that at the end of May.

    Just processing transactions is not a sustainable use long-term due to the expensive transaction fees associated with it, even though people want bitcoin to be able to do that, he added.

    “Other cryptocurrencies are not volatile because the community investing in them have come to a consensus on the price,” Jan said.

    Lee said price volatility will be aided by regulations, especially as cryptocurrency is adopted more broadly. Price volatility will only be fixed with time, he said.

    “This is a very young market and it has attracted attention, which makes prices volatile,” he added. “It can be dangerous to get into a space without established regulations. Being at an early stage, there is a lot of imagination that can be had for these cryptocurrencies. At the same time, when bad news comes out, it can easily dump harder on crypto than other companies.”

    3) Regulatory pressure

    Regulations proposed for cryptocurrency have gained steam since the beginning of 2021.

    Among them: The U.S. Department of the Treasury announced in May that it will require any transfer worth $10,000 or more to be reported to the Internal Revenue Service as part of an effort to curb tax evasion.

    “I’m happy to see regulations come into place because it will be good for the industry overall,” Lee said. “It will minimize possible scams or malicious use cases and make it better for everyone to get on board.”

    The government is also examining possible regulations of cryptocurrency exchanges with a focus on protecting investors and preventing market manipulation, as well as financial account reporting as it relates to cryptoasset exchange accounts and payment service accounts that accept cryptocurrencies.

    Goren called a focus on Bitcoin, Etherium and the public markets “a double-edged sword.” Any real value is eroded when inflation occurs, but Bitcoin is a decentralized currency, so its value holds up well against inflation.

    And the more institutions that participate, the more legitimacy it creates so regulators are less likely to fight it, he said.

    “Most lawmakers know crypto is not used by criminals, but the people who put them in office are large financial institutions that are cheering when they say that happens,” Goren said.

    While he understands why there have to be IRS reporting requirements for tax purposes, he disagrees when government regulations don’t consider Bitcoin a currency, but then treats it like cash.

    By instead treating cryptocurrency as a capital asset, the IRS is taxing capital gains, which could also have implications on the venture capital world, he added.

    Goren said other countries have a bit more clarity, but there is still misunderstanding in the U.S. when it comes to how cryptocurrencies should be reported financially, and it won’t change until there is clear categorization of cryptocurrencies.

    4) Beyond Bitcoin

    Rocketfuel Blockchain founder Peter Jensen said it will take time for the public to understand and be comfortable with cryptocurrency, much as people had to acclimate to the idea of online banking and ATM cards before that.

    Jensen’s company, based in San Francisco, processes crypto payments. He believes people are distracted by the price volatility of Bitcoin, although it is just one out of some 200 cryptocurrencies.

    “We need to move people’s minds away from Bitcoin because who knows if cryptocurrency will survive,” Jensen said in an interview. “There are many cryptocurrencies pegged to the dollar, which means they have zero volatility. If you take those and use them for payment, then you get the benefits of that.”

    Global developments — such as El Salvador adopting cryptocurrency and both Sweden and Dubai issuing their own digital currencies — bring promise for the future of the industry, and Jensen predicts the U.S. will eventually issue a digital version of the dollar.

    He sees a world where when you get a job, you will have the choice of receiving your paycheck in dollars or cryptocurrency, and there will be no volatility because those funds will be guaranteed by the U.S. government.

    “We feel that the U.S. has an opportunity to be ahead, even though China is adopting cryptocurrency faster, as well as those with less-efficient banking systems,” Jensen added. “If we don’t stay in front, we are going to be last.”

    Crunchbase Pro queries listed for this article

    The query used for this article was “Global Cryptocurrency Companies,” in which “Bitcoin,” “cryptocurrency” and “virtual currency” were the organizational industry search terms. The data was then separated out by changing the headquarters location to “United States.”

    All Crunchbase Pro Queries are dynamic with results updating over time. They can be adapted with any company or investor name for analysis.

    Illustration: Dom Guzman

    Stay up to date with recent funding rounds, acquisitions, and more with the Crunchbase Daily.

    Stepped-up efforts by China’s government to rein in the crypto space had the largest impact on valuations. On Friday, authorities in China’s Sichuan province, one of the country’s largest mining centers, reportedly ordered cryptocurrency miners to shut down their operations,



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